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The True Cost of Global Arms Trade

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Each year, around $45-60 billion worth of arms sales are agreed. Most of these sales (something like 75%) are to developing countries. The 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council (US, Russia, France, United Kingdom and China), together with Germany and Italy account for around 85% of the arms sold between 2002 and 2009.

Arms sales (agreements), by Supplier, 2003-2010 (in billions of constant 2010 U.S. dollars)

Arms Deliveries

2010 BIG SPENDERS ON DEFENSE: The eighteen nations with the largest military budgets in 2010 are shown in the chart below.

Defense Spending

The United States, with a budget of $698 billion, spends more on defense than the nextseventeen nations combined. The United States military spending is almostsix timesthat of the next biggest spender, China ($119 billion) and more thaneleven timesthat of Russia ($59 billion).

The U.S. accounts for 40% of the world's yearly defense outlays.

Top 30 Countries 2010 Defense Spending by Rank & GDP: Figures are in US $billions at 2010 prices and exchange rates

Country Billion Rank GDP GDP Rank Per Capita
United States 698.3 1 4.7 11 2,260
China 119.4 2 2.2 55 88
United Kingdom 59.6 3 2.7 45 963
France 59.3 4 2.5 47 915
Russia 58.7 5 4.3 14 419
Japan 54.5 6 1.0 129 429
Saudi Arabia 45.2 7 11.2 2 1,727
Germany 45.2 8 1.4 99 550
India 41.3 9 2.8 42 34
Italy 37.0 10 1.8 77 615
Brazil 33.5 11 1.6 88 172
South Korea 27.6 12 2.9 39 569
South Korea 27.6 12 2.9 39 569
Australia 24.0 13 1.9 70 1,115
Canada 22.8 14 1.5 91 672
Turkey 17.5 15 2.7 44 231
United Arab Emirates 16.1 16 7.3 4 3,410
Spain 15.4 17 1.1 122 339
Israel 14.0 18 6.3 6 1,929
Netherlands 11.2 19 1.5 93 671
Colombia 10.7 20 3.7 25 232
Greece 9.4 21 3.2 35 835
Taiwan 9.1 22 2.4 49 395
Poland 8.9 23 1.8 78 234
Singapore 8.4 24 4.3 13 1,736
Indonesia 7.2 25 0.9 136 31
Chile 6.9 26 3.5 28 404
Norway 6.7 27 1.6 87 1,385
Algeria 5.7 28 3.8 21 160
Pakistan 5.6 29 2.8 43 31
Sweden 5.6 30 1.2 118 607

World Countries with Nuclear Weapons Stockpiles

Country Continent(s) First Tests Operational Warheads Total Warheads
Russia Asia, Europe 1949 4,650 12,000
United States North America 1945 2,468 9.600
France Europe 1960 300 300
China Asia 1964 180 240
United Kingdom Europe 1952 <160 225
Israel Asia *1979 Unknown 80
Pakistan Asia 1988 Unknown 70-90
India Asia 1974 Unknown 60-80
North Korea Asia *2006 Unknown <10
* unverified
World 7,700 22,600

World Arms Trade

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